The most severe meningitis is usually caused by a bacterial infection. This causes around 250,000 deaths annually and spreads quickly, leading to epidemics. One in ten of these infections can lead to death, especially in young children.
Mexico City (apro). The World Health Organization (WHO), has launched a new global strategy to end bacterial maningitis. It is a devastating disease that causes membranes around the brain to become inflamed, which can lead to severe complications.
Ghebreyesus, WHO Director General, said that the campaign aims at reducing the death rate by 70% per year and halving the incidence of meningitis. The 2030 Agenda for Diseases.
He stated that meningitis, no matter where it happens, can be deadly and debilitating. It strikes quickly and has serious economic, social, and health consequences.
It is now that the global meningitis crisis can be solved, he stated. “There is an urgent need to expand the use of existing tools such as vaccines and take the lead in developing new research and innovations to prevent, detect, and treat the problem. It will be easier for the affected to recover if they are aware of the causes.
The most affected countries are sub-Saharan African countries
According to the World Health Organization, the most serious meningitis is usually caused by a bacterial infection. This can cause epidemics and kill approximately 250,000 people annually. One-tenth are fatal, mostly in children and young people. The disease causes long-term disability in one fifth of cases. This includes seizures, hearing and sight loss, nerve damage, cognitive impairment, and neurodegeneration.
The disease has been seen in many parts of the world over the past decade. However, it is most common in the “meningitis belt”, which comprises 26 countries in sub-Saharan Africa.
According to the United Nations agency, this epidemic is not predictable. They can cause severe damage to the health system, and they can also be a source for poverty, which can lead to high-cost healthcare costs for families and communities.
Matshidiso Moeti, WHO Regional Director for Africa, warned that “more than 500 million Africans are at risk of seasonal meningitis outbreaks” because the disease has been “away from the radar” for too long.
He stated that the roadmap to defeat meningitis will “protect the health, lives, and property of hundreds of thousands of families who are constantly in fear of this disease.”
Lack of more research and innovation
Although there are several vaccines to treat this disease, such as meningococcus, Haemophilus influenzae type b, and pneumococcus, there are still some communities that do not have access to these immunizations, and some countries have not included them in their national plans.
WHO highlighted the need for more research, funding and innovation in vaccine design for other causes of meningitis. They also stressed the importance of early diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation for people suffering from the disease.
In response to and prevention of meningitis (a disease consisting mainly of dangerous inflammation of the membranes around the brain and spinal cord caused by bacterial and viral infections), the priorities detailed in the roadmap are:
-Achieve high immunization coverage, develop new affordable vaccines, and improve epidemic prevention and response strategies
–Quickly diagnose and optimize patient treatment