People question whether they affect women differently from men
United States- It is reported that seven women have developed rare blood clotting disorders after receiving Johnson & Johnson’s Covid-19 vaccine, which raises new questions about whether the impact of the vaccine on women is different from that of men, and whether women should be given special consideration when vaccinated .
We talked with some experts to understand what women should know after being eligible for vaccination.
We still don’t know whether blood clots affect women more than men.
The federal health agency recommended on Tuesday that doctors should suspend the use of Johnson & Johnson vaccine after six women developed rare blood clotting disorders about two weeks after being vaccinated. The beneficiary was between 18 and 48 years old; one woman died and the other was hospitalized in critical condition.
Two more cases were added on Wednesday, one woman and one man.
However, it is not clear whether the clotting is caused by the vaccine or whether women are more frequently infected.
Vaccination may change the appearance of mammograms.
The coronavirus vaccine can cause swelling of the axillary lymph nodes, which will appear as white spots on mammograms. Dr. Geeta Swamy, a maternal and child medical expert and member of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, said that this swelling is a normal response to the vaccine and usually occurs on the same side of the needle. Group: Covid vaccine provided by a gynecologist. It usually only lasts a few weeks.
But he added that the effect of this vaccine on mammograms may be related to radiologists, because “if someone has breast cancer, we will also see enlarged lymph nodes.”
Patients with fertility should coordinate the vaccination schedule with their clinic.
According to the American Society of Reproductive Medicine, fertility patients who plan to undergo procedures such as egg retrieval, embryo transfer or intrauterine insemination should avoid receiving the Covid vaccine three days before and three days after the procedure.
This is because patients undergoing surgery may experience vaccine-related side effects, such as fever or chills, which may make it difficult for doctors to know if they are infected after surgery. In addition, many healthcare providers may not allow patients with Covid-like symptoms to enter their facilities, even though these symptoms may come from the vaccine and her Covid-19 test is negative.
Women want to know whether the vaccine will affect their menstrual cycle.
Some women say that their flow or time has changed after being vaccinated.
But so far, this is purely anecdotal.
“The Covid vaccine is unlikely to affect the menstrual cycle, and there is no reasonable biological mechanism for this to happen. However, there is very little data on this topic,” said Dr. Kripstein. The period may be affected by many factors, including stress, thyroid dysfunction, endometriosis or fibroids. If you have questions about your menstrual cycle, be sure to talk to your doctor.
Women seem to have more side effects after vaccination than men.
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention published a study in February that looked at Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines and found that 79% of the side effects reported to the agency came from women, although only 61%. The women have been vaccinated.
Dr. Sabra Klein, professor of molecular microbiology and immunology at the Bloomberg School of Public Health at Johns Hopkins University, said that women may be more likely than men to report side effects. Or, he added, women may be suffering from a greater degree of side effects.
A study found that in the past three decades, women accounted for 80% of allergic reactions to vaccines in adults. Similarly, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that most allergic reactions to the Covid-19 vaccine, although rare, have occurred in women.
Dr. Klein said that if you have mild side effects such as headaches or low-grade fever, that is actually a good thing because it means your immune system is improving. However, the lack of side effects does not mean that the vaccine will not work properly.