in order to Raúl Bravo Aduna
Because of covid-19, I was immersed in a global health emergency for more than a year, Unfortunately, there seems to be no progress in these 15 months. The images and figures obtained from India these days have nothing to do with long-term public policies, providing vaccines and controlling diseases. On the contrary, it looked like a completely unusual outbreak. Since April 21 last year, the subcontinent has recorded more than 300,000 new daily cases (Over 400,000 Within the past 24 hours); Yes The healthcare system collapsed; Crematoriums and cemeteries are overspending, it has to resort to Mass cremation of corpses. We are in these moments, and we are surprised and terrified by the epicenter of a disease we are about to truly know in 2020.
In the confluence from last year to 2021, there was a glimmer of hope in the face of the coronavirus. Different vaccines produced in different parts of the world have begun to be approved for distribution to populations around the world. With them, herd immunization can be achieved locally, regionally, nationally and internationally; finally, Universal vaccination can make people more calmly accept a disease that has surpassed humans. However, as we approached the first half of the year, the situation did not seem to improve…or at least not expanded.Between outbreaks, new strains and imbalances in vaccine availability, the entire world is in Mexico stalemate There is almost no endless way out.
The “apartheid” of vaccines?
After most vaccines are approved, The world’s most powerful economy (and some of its strategic allies) began to monopolize its production, As if they were toilet paper rolls. The idea is obvious: they intend and do inoculate as many citizens as possible to take care of their lives; of course, they can also accelerate the process of economic recovery.This explains Vaccination percentage difference On the one hand is the gap between Israel (58.9%), the United States (30.9%) and the United Kingdom (22%). Countries such as Mexico (5.8%), Bolivia (1.9%) and Canada (3.0%); similarly, the European average is about 9%.do not forget More than 30 countries To date, no single dose of the vaccine has been received.These differences led to the consideration of this phenomenon A “vaccine apartheid”.
However, the uneven distribution of biological agents is not entirely due to global accumulation. In some countries/regions, such as Japan (0.8% of the population is fully vaccinated) Cultural traditions and lack of timely response to the second and third waves of covid-19 They have no way to develop an appropriate vaccination strategy. There is no doubt that the vaccination strategy lacks the necessary dose. Or India and Brazil, their current emergency situation has neither time nor resources to continue vaccination. Actually, India’s paralysis delayed delivery of doses to the rest of the world; For example, Mexico decided to abandon its corresponding vaccine Unity with the subcontinent.If we add an inequality to this inside In some countries, things get hairy.
of product consequences
One might think that this is about the “justice” of the free market. Who else can (or who knows best how to negotiate), and who else? The point is that we are not at the front of the list of errands to buy.On the contrary, we are in a problem complicated Spanning very diverse interconnected systems At all levels; similarly, the situation ranges from local to global, spreading across regions and countries. If the vaccine cannot be disseminated in Mexico and Canada, South America and Europe, the perfect distribution of vaccines in the United States will be of little use.quickly. As far as the country is concerned, we can think of it as the same. If it does not expand to Veracruz and Yucatan, Puebla and Mexico City, and then to Sonora and Baja California, the herd immunity in Campeche will be insufficient. If we learn anything in 2020, it is that Wutan’s market can literally affect the entire world.
Vaccine distribution is not limited to passports.It cannot be conceived without an effective strategy for Covid-19 The world’s first-line immunologist, Far from expecting young people Each country.Or bypass the entire crowd In the occupied territories Ø isolation inside country.In particular, if we complete the understanding of the vaccinated people once and for all They are still, Although less likely, Is the medium of disease transmission, easy to spread.To make matters worse, whether vaccinated or not Differences in basic human rights, Both domestically and internationally.
Winners and losers
At the end of March, it came out Pandemic.Introduction to the Economic History of Pandemics (UNAM | Malpaís), Diego Castañeda Garza A book designed to connect emergency situations caused by covid-19 with the background Given the cruelest epidemic on earth. There are two clear teachings in the text worth mentioning. On the one hand, Castañeda shows that most of the tools we use to respond to crises (restraint and consciousness hygiene) actually came from the Middle Ages and even ancient Rome. on the other hand, The history of a pandemic is basically the history of world population changes; That is to say, how the country conducts structural adjustments socially, politically and economically, it must make up for the huge loss of its population in a relatively short time. Among those reconfigurations, there are winners and losers.
The new change in the current pandemic is that the world has made scientific responses and innovations in the development of vaccines and treatments against the coronavirus. Unfortunately, Progress in politics and diplomacy has not caught up with science.mechanism UN COVAX is currently unavailable And the proposal Suspension of vaccine patents Speeding up the vaccination process in the poorest countries in the world is not accepted by pharmaceutical companies and governments.United States 60 million doses have been given up, But it will be useless in the world. Without the political will to distribute vaccines fairly internationally, in the next few months, India’s catastrophic cases can easily be replicated one after another on different focal points of the planet. Currently, there is no easy way to get rid of this crisis.