A report by the World Health Organization shows that the number of people dying from this disease has increased in the last decade. He noted that, compared to 2019, less people were diagnosed with the disease or received preventive treatment.
Mexico City (apro). The World Health Organization ( WHO) predicts that 2021 will be the year of the end.
In addition to the increase in tuberculosis death rates, the numbers of people being diagnosed and treated for or receiving preventive treatment are much lower than those who were diagnosed last year. Additionally, overall tuberculosis expenditures have declined.
According to the report, the main challenge is to stop access to tuberculosis service and to reduce resources. He stated that many countries have switched from fighting tuberculosis towards responding to COVID-19. This has limited the availability of basic services.
He said that many people are unable to find care in confinement.
WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said: “This report confirms our concern that the interruption of basic health services caused by the pandemic may start to undermine the progress of the fight against tuberculosis over the years.”
He added: “This is shocking news and should serve as a global alarm. We need to invest in innovation and reduce the time it takes to diagnose, treat and cure this disease that is preventable but manageable. Gap in nursing.”.
According to the document, tuberculosis services were disrupted due to the 2020 covid-19 Pandemic. However, the effect on tuberculosis had been particularly severe.
It explains, for example, that 1.5 million people will die of tuberculosis by 2020 (214,000 are HIV-positive).
He explained that tuberculosis deaths have increased in the 30 countries with the greatest tuberculosis burden. The WHO model predicts that there will be more people with TB in 2021 than 2022.
Accessing basic tuberculosis treatment is a challenge. Many patients will remain undiagnosed by 2020. From 7.1 million to 5.8million in 2019, the number of new tuberculosis cases and reports to the national governments dropped to 5.8 million in 2020.
WHO estimates that about 4.1 million people have tuberculosis. They have not been diagnosed yet or reported the condition to their local authorities. This figure is much higher than the 2.9million for 2019.
India (41%), Indonesia (14%), Philippines (12%) and China (8%) were the countries most responsible for the decrease in global tuberculosis alerts between 2019-2020. These 12 countries contributed 93% to the global notification decline.
Preventive treatment for tuberculosis is also less common. It was 21% lower than in 2019, with 2.8 million people having it in 2020. The number of people who are receiving treatment for drug resistant tuberculosis (DRT) has declined by 15% from 177,000 in 2019 and 150,000 in 2020. This is about one-third less than in 2019.
The funding of low- and mid-income countries (LMIC), which account 98% for reported cases of tuberculosis, is still a problem. 81% of the 2020 total funds will be from domestic sources. 65% of domestic funds are held by the BRICS countries (Brazil Russian Federation, India China, South Africa, and India).
The US government is the largest bilateral donor. The Global Fund to Fight AIDS Tuberculosis & Malaria is the largest international donor.
The report shows that the global spending on tuberculosis diagnosis treatment and prevention services fell from US$5.8billion to US$5.3billion, less than half of the global goal for adequate funding. A total of 13 billion U.S. dollar annually will be spent on tuberculosis by 2022.