Between 2010 and 2017, Spain saw an average of 15,489 deaths from alcohol every year. 55.7% of these were premature deaths.
Madrid. (EUROPA PRESS) -18.6% have an alcohol consumption that is higher than what is considered low-risk. A national consensus was approved by the National Health System Interregional Committee, (SNS) and this figure is 10 G female/day and 20 g/day for males. According to the first edition of the Alcohol Monograph of the Spanish Drug and Addiction Observatory published by the Ministry of Health.
The first report of the government delegation on the National Drug Program highlighted that as much as 5.2% of consumption was considered to be dangerous. This figure is higher for young people than for men (although it is lower for those aged 15-24). However, there is a smaller gap between the sexes. Additionally, 77.9% of the 14-18-year-olds admitted to drinking at least once in 2018/19, as compared to 77.5% one day last year and 58.5 % last month.
These sectors are more popular with girls than they are for boys. Men and women should start using alcohol at 14 years of age. Acute alcoholism and binge-eating have also increased in all age groups, men and women. For the minors, 47.1% of teens (14-17) and 52.3% for girls (12-17), said that they were drunk. Particularly, in the last 30 days, 17% of 15- and sixteen-year-olds reported having been drunk. This is higher than the European median of 13%.
“In addition to the direct effect of alcohol on one’s own physiology, neurodevelopment, as well as certain dangerous behavior, this massive drinking is in many cases associated with certain dangerous behaviours,” he said.
Between 2010-2017, Spain had an average 15,489 alcohol-related deaths per year. Of these, 55.7% were premature deaths. An estimated 4% of all deaths due to all causes can be attributed directly to alcohol between 2010 and 2017.
Another important statistic is that 2.7% admitted to driving a vehicle while under the influence last year and 17.2% said they were passengers in a vehicle that was driven by someone under the influence (20.5% for girls and 17.2% for boys). 16.9% also admitted that they were involved in fights or aggressive behavior, and 30.6% reported having sex in these situations without a condom.
Notably, 94.9% said that they are able to obtain alcoholic beverages easily. 39.7% of minors have obtained alcohol either directly (29.2%) by themselves or through minors (8.5%).
Consumption of excessive amounts or eating too much
According to health, consumption patterns are changing away from the traditional daily consumption. Alcohol consumption among the general population is high, with 93% of those aged 15-64 drinking at least once a month, compared to 77.2% in 2013 and 63% in the previous month. This has not changed in the past. year. The last two decades. 8.8% claim daily consumption.
Heavy drinking is a common problem (19.4% of respondents were drunk within the past year and 15.4% experienced binging or heavy drinking episodes in the previous month), and the number of young men and women has increased in recent years. The general population has a slightly higher alcohol intake than the general population. However, the daily drinking rate is higher among the unemployed (10.9% and 9.4%).
Drinking during pregnancy is an important topic due to its related consequences, such as Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disease (FADD). This worrying phenomenon was admitted by 1.2% of pregnant women in 2019/2020.
The alcohol consumption rate of people over 64 is lower than that of people aged 15-64. Men consume more alcohol than women. They also drink more wine daily, which is higher for men. However, intensive consumption (overeating and drunken drinking) is lower.
Health believes it is too soon to determine the long-term effects covid-19 has on alcohol consumption patterns. However, data suggests that by 2020, heavy drinking events for both men and women, as well as the younger age group, will be reduced.