The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet, condemned the removal of judges from the Constitutional Court of the Supreme Court of El Salvador and warned that it “seriously undermined” democracy and rights in the country.
Madrid, Spain (Europa News Agency). -The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet condemned the dismissal of judges and the Attorney General of the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court of El Salvador, and warned that this “seriously undermined” democracy and the rule of law in the country.
He recalled in a statement that the separation of powers is “the cornerstone of any democracy” and said that “weakening control over another exercise leads to a weakening of the foundation of the rule of law, and therefore the foundation of democracy. The system from one country” .
The High Commissioner emphasized that international human rights norms and standards stipulate that “only in cases of serious misconduct or incompetence can judges be replaced in accordance with fair procedures that ensure the objectivity and impartiality established by the Constitution or the law”. Refer to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights ratified by El Salvador.
“The procedures followed by all judges of the Constitutional Court of the Supreme Court and the Attorney General to dissolve do not meet the standards of due process. This violates international human rights law and directly violates judicial independence. This is the key to democratic operation,” he condemned.
It also stated: “Judges and prosecutors must be protected from improper interference and intimidation.” He said: “Unfortunately, what we see in El Salvador is that the shocking trend of power build-up is deepening.” He is urging. The authorities “fulfill their obligations to restore the rule of law and separation of powers,” said before.
Several U.S. congressmen demanded that the visas of the representatives and the National Civil Police who planned the Saturday night events be revoked, and the Constitutional Chamber and the Attorney General be disbanded. “A brutal blow to democracy in El Salvador.”
“Saturday night, President Naib Bukiel dealt a cruel blow to El Salvador’s democratic system. The removal of the Constitutional Court judges and the appointment of political loyalists to replace El Salvador clearly do not meet the standards set by El Salvador’s law. This directly undermines Salvador’s law In the 1992 Peace Agreement, “Members Albio Sirius and Gregory Meeks warned in a joint letter.
They said that the dismissal of the attorney general “has also seriously damaged the integrity and independence of the judiciary.”
In addition, they pledged that Burkir “makes the separation of powers and judicial independence disappear overnight, which are the conditions on which functional democracy depends.”
In this sense, they insisted that the United States should “re-evaluate its assistance to El Salvador’s judiciary, because they must analyze whether the new officials will enforce the law fairly or benefit the interests of Burkir and its allies.”
Members of Congress demanded that Burkier “overturn the decision” and “restore constitutional order in order to pursue an inclusive and democratic government agenda in order to maintain the relationship between the United States and El Salvador.”
The President of El Salvador originally planned to participate in the Democracy Forum in Miami, the United States on Wednesday, but he will not participate in the meeting due to criticism caused by the El Salvador incident.
Journalist Joshua Goodman confirmed in the newspaper “La Prensa Gráfica” Bucky’s withdrawal from the forum. At the same time, arrangements were made for Carlos Alvarado of Costa Rica or Mario Abedo Benitet of Paraguay. Sri Lanka and other presidents participated.
The organizer of the event, Carlos Sánchez Berzain (Carlos Sánchez Berzain), director of the Institute of Democracy of the Americas, confirmed that Booker will not participate in the forum. Sanchez said: “We hope to be able to use it in future events.” He did not clarify. However, whether the invitation to Bougil was withdrawn for the event, or he himself decided not to participate.
It is expected that the forum will also deal with other issues, such as the dictatorship of democracy and organized crime, the possibility of dictatorship in Latin America, and attacks on democracy in the region.