Approximately 19,000 unaccompanied immigrant children were detained at the border
In March, approximately 19,000 unaccompanied immigrant children were detained at the U.S.-Mexico border, surpassing the records during the large numbers of children immigrating in 2014 and 2019.
Is this a crisis? In addition to the prejudiced interpretation and semantics, for similar reasons, under the leadership of Republican and Democratic presidents, immigration from Mexico to the United States has increased dramatically for the third time in seven years.
How has the number of immigrants changed since Joe Biden took over as president?
In Donald Trump’s final months as president, border encounters-a widely used but imperfect measure that tells us the number of times the U.S. authorities encountered immigrants-from an unusually low level of 17,106 in April It rose sharply to 74,000 in December. In the first few months of Biden’s presidency, their numbers have greatly increased. More than 172,000 encounters were recorded in March, which is higher than the 100,000 recorded in the previous month and the highest record since March 2001.
However, this represents only part of the situation. Who crosses is as important as how many attempts (or more).
Mexican adults accounted for most of the growth last year, reminiscent of one of the largest increases in immigration in U.S. history from 1965 to 2008 during the recession. In March 2020, the Trump administration implemented powers related to the coronavirus pandemic to quickly demobilize people without giving them a chance to asylum. Faced with any consequences, the Mexicans worked hard until they managed to enter.
According to Biden administration officials, about 28% of those deported in March had been deported from the United States before, compared to the 7% recidivism rate before the pandemic in the past 12 months, as of 2019 In Santiago last September, the recidivism rate among Mexican adults for two weeks was 48%.
Once Biden reaches the White House, unaccompanied families and children will receive greater legal protection and require more attention, which becomes a larger part of the equation. They accounted for more than 40% of all encounters recorded in March, an increase from 13% three months ago.
Authorities detained 18,890 children without adults in March, far exceeding the previous figures of 11,475 in May 2019 recorded by the Border Patrol (Border Patrol) starting in 2009 and 10,620 in June 2014. recording.
Why are children and families coming now?
The answer is complicated. Central American Americans have been escaping poverty and violence since at least the civil war in the 1980s. The death and starvation of Hurricane Eta in November gave people in Guatemala and Honduras a new life.
Immigration is also guided by changes in US policy, whether real or rumored. Biden exempted unaccompanied immigrant children from relocation related to the pandemic, allowing them to stay in the United States and apply for asylum.
During the encounter with immigrant families in March, about one-third of the people were deported, attracting families to the border, hoping to stay in the United States. Mexican authorities have been reluctant to accept illegal immigrants from Central American families in the Rio Grande Valley of Texas, these families have children 6 years of age and under. This prompted US authorities to start arranging daily flights to El Paso, Texas and San Diego to deport families there.
Biden retained Trump’s pandemic-related deportation measures, but he quickly abolished other policies because of their cruelty and inhumanity, fulfilling his campaign promises.
Trump responded to the massive increase in Central American family and child immigration that peaked in May 2019, expanding his “stay in Mexico” policy to force asylum seekers to wait for you in the U.S. The date of the immigration hearing. Court. The data collection, research and distribution organization affiliated to Syracuse University’s Transaction Records Visiting Information Clearing House stated that the measure is undoubtedly effective in preventing asylum: less than 1% of people win the case. However, as evidenced by the activist organization Human Rights Priority and other organizations, asylum seekers suffer violence in Mexico. It is difficult to find a lawyer in Mexico.
Other policies implemented during Trump’s presidency include speeding up asylum procedures in the Customs and Border Protection (CBP) immigration detention center, where it is almost impossible to obtain a lawyer. In addition, Washington has reached agreements with Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador, requiring the United States to send asylum-seekers to Central American countries and demand protection there.
What is the Biden administration doing?
Short-term detention facilities on the border were overloaded: More than 4,000 parents and children in Donna, Texas were taken to a CBP hospital designed for 250 people, most of them children without adults. Last week, more than 600 children were squeezed into a 32-person room separated by 32 plastic walls.
In order to solve the problem of overcrowding, the Ministry of Health and Human Services, which is responsible for long-term care of minors, has reached a series of agreements to relocate unaccompanied minors to larger complexes, and the relevant authorities are arranging for their release to “Patrons” in the United States are usually close relatives or close relatives. New locations include the convention centers in Dallas and San Diego, the stadium in San Antonio and the Fort Bliss military base in El Paso, Texas. Long Beach, California, agreed on Tuesday to host as many as 1,000 immigrants at its convention center.
Biden’s advisers are speeding up the process of releasing the children to parents, relatives and others in the United States, in part by paying for air tickets.
People are usually released to the U.S. with notices appearing in immigration court. But to save time, the Border Patrol stopped serving many immigrant families in the Rio Grande Valley in March, and instead ordered them to report to the Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) office two months after their release. report.
The Biden administration is seeking $4 billion to address the “root cause” of Central American immigration. Children are redoubled their efforts to ask them to seek asylum from their homes in Central America instead of venturing to the U.S. border.
Last month, Biden appointed Vice President Kamala Harris (Kamala Harris) to lead the US response.