In Latin America, the consumption of alcoholic beverages itself caused an average of 85,000 deaths each year from 2013 to 2015.
Mexico City (apro). -A study showed that between 2013 and 2015, the consumption of alcoholic beverages in Latin America caused an average of 85,000 deaths each year, and the country’s per capita intake was 25% higher than the world average. By the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) Published today in the magazine Addiction.
Dr. Anselm Hennis, director of the organization’s Department of Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health, said: “This study shows that harmful consumption of alcoholic beverages should be a priority in the Americas.”
He added that drinking is “related to preventable deaths and years of disability,” which is why he urged effective, feasible and sustainable public health measures, policies and plans to reduce the consumption of alcoholic beverages.
An analysis of mortality data for 30 countries in the region revealed the following key results:
The results of this study show that at the same level of alcohol consumption, per capita consumption of alcoholic beverages in high-income countries is higher, while low- and middle-income countries have higher alcohol-attributable death rates.
The higher mortality rate may be due to relatively low access to medical services, limited transportation in emergency situations, poor health information, insufficient nutrition, and other factors that may lead to the consumption of these beverages.
The United Nations Health Agency in the Americas urges countries in the region to increase applicable tax rates and impose extensive restrictions on the advertising, promotion and sponsorship of these products to curb harmful consumption of alcoholic beverages. Similarly, obtaining better quality data on mortality and morbidity caused by alcoholic beverages is essential to monitor the effects of alcohol intake.
Dr. Hennis said: “The policies promoted by the Pan American Health Organisation are the key to avoiding deaths, diseases and social problems related to alcohol consumption.”
He said that another simple but powerful measure is to limit marketing time and reduce the concentration of these products in the community.
Dr. Maristela Monteiro, senior consultant on alcohol consumption at the Pan American Health Organization, said: “The study also shows that the highest proportion of deaths entirely attributable to drinking alcohol is people aged 50 to 59, especially men.”
Harmful consumption of these beverages can lead to death of people at the peak of their lives. He added that this not only caused losses to their families, but also to the entire economy and society.
During the covid-19 pandemic, social media promoted alcoholic beverages, and because of easier access to online shopping and home delivery services, the supply of alcoholic beverages has increased in many countries/regions.
There is evidence that, because of these factors, people who are more likely to increase alcoholic beverage consumption have already drunk excessively before the pandemic. In addition, alcoholic beverage shops such as bars and nightclubs attract people who do not respect the use of masks or social distancing.
Dr. Montero said: “When planning to return to a new normal state, it is necessary to protect and strengthen alcohol consumption policies.”