In January, Joe Biden came to the White House with a promise full of hope.
Mexico City- In January, Joe Biden came to the White House with a hopeful agenda, hoping to bring hope to the millions of immigrants who have been attacked by Republican Donald Trump for four consecutive years. In addition, he promised to complete a series of key operations within the first 100 days to make changes quickly.
Now, after this restriction, despite his short term in office, hopeful activists believe that Biden has become “passive,” and immigration policy experts accept that his government has “not reached” in terms of its commitments: In 17 actions, the president promised to achieve the goal of 100 days in office, and only completed 7 actions, accounting for 41% of the total.
Among the remaining commitments, nine steps have been taken to advance, but have not yet been completed, and another suspension of deportation measures has been blocked indefinitely by a federal judge in Texas.
Jessica Bolter, an analyst at the Immigration Policy Institute (MPI), praised the measures taken by the new US administration, but also acknowledged that there are still many areas of opportunity, while other areas have not expanded.
He said in an interview: “Biden has promised to take multiple asylum measures, such as restoring the opportunity to seek asylum in the United States for victims of domestic violence. This has not yet been resolved.” with Reforma.
The most recent stumble was two weeks ago, when the White House reviewed Biden’s promise to raise the refugee limit to 62,500, saying that it would remain at the historically low level of 15,000 set by Trump. Although not officially recorded in the 100-day pledge, this change caused dissatisfaction among activists and Democrats themselves.
Speaking of the government’s response, Bolt explained: “After many protests, they spoke again and said they would raise this limit by mid-May.”
“This is definitely an area where Biden must fulfill his promise.”
As for the unfulfilled commitments, the Democratic government signed Executive Order No. 04012 on February 2, which involved a commitment to protect immigrants serving in the U.S. military from deportation. Improve the naturalization process and revive the federal task force to support immigrant communities. The decree mainly ordered amendments, but it has not yet been translated into specific actions.
Between the beginning but not the end, the following actions are still in a state of uncertainty: improving the training and accountability of migration agents, and reviewing temporary protection status programs for vulnerable immigrants.
Biden’s historic agenda promised to provide 11 million undocumented immigrants with access to citizenship through his immigration reform initiative, but the record increase in illegal border crossings on the southern border made it difficult for him to move forward in his plan in. In March alone, the Border Patrol detained more than 171,000 immigrants, the highest record in 20 years.
He assessed: “One of the major challenges facing the Biden administration is how to balance the desire and reality of treating immigrants more humanely compared to the Trump administration, that is, if this is done, immigrants from the Mexican border seem to increase.” Bolt
“This has created strong political opposition to the government, making it difficult for them to advance other immigration priorities, such as through initiatives to legalize dreamers or farm workers.”
As a candidate, Biden also claimed to end the long-term detention of immigrants. Although he has made progress in quickly releasing the family, the increase in the flow of people has prevented him from fully achieving this goal. Migrant children who entered the United States without their parents or guardians were detained for more than a week in border patrol facilities, which are used to detain adults. The legal limit for minors to stay in these places before being placed in special shelters is 72 hours.
He also cancelled the plan called “Stay in Mexico”, which was officially called the Migration Protection Protocol (MPP), which forced more than 60,000 people to wait in the country’s poorly humanitarian refugee camps, and the courts They are hearing their asylum cases. However, the government has not yet completed its recognition of the United States and prosecutes the people in the ongoing case.
Bolt said: “So far, I think they are approaching 10,000 of the 25,000 indicted,”
“Almost half of the people meet the conditions.”
Finally, the hope of holding a summit with regional leaders to resolve the struggle against immigration has not materialized.
In contrast, Biden did abide by the regulations to stop the construction of the border wall, revised the deportation standards, focused only on national security threats or criminals, and proposed to Congress an initiative to reform the immigration system and revoke the immigration veto to other countries. . Trump ruled to stop legal immigration of low-income people, retain DACA to protect immigrants known as dreamers, and establish a gang to reunite separated families at the border.
However, some activists point out that even in these actions that can be considered “completed”, most actions have no impact.
For Cynthia Garcia, campaign manager of United We Dream (UWD), America’s largest organization of dreamers, Biden’s actions to protect DACA still exist.
He said: “Frankly, their response is mediocre.” There is no process, not even really saying “Let’s fight.”
“We have always seen him being too passive, just like waiting to see what Congress is doing. I don’t think it will help.”
According to MPI’s Bolter, the government’s unfavorable political reaction to the border children’s handling of the crisis after the government leaked images of border children in crowded shelters will make Biden take a more opposing stance from now on.
She predicts: “I won’t be surprised if they avoid taking major actions against immigration, especially as we approach the midterm elections in 2022, this must be something they are considering.”
Similarly, Garcia participated in a mobilization event in Washington, DC on Wednesday, asking Biden to comply with UWD’s requirements, which is to designate citizenship status for 11 million immigrants, especially withdrawing funds from immigration agencies. He believes that this year is the key. Fight.
“This year we can only do something for our people, because next year they will invest more in national defense. Now is the time to change the overall situation.”
Biden’s 100 days
On Friday, the President of the United States set a first deadline for accomplishing certain goals:
Fulfilled 43% of the promise
Of the 10 commitments Joe Biden made on general issues 100 days before taking office, 4 remained unchanged.
*Fulfill the promise-26
*No progress -3
*Extend the period of suspension of student loans.
* Approval of the Covid-19 economic relief program.
*Review the loopholes in key sectors of the US supply chain.
*Strengthen the purchase of American products or services.
*Increase corporate tax.
* Impose ethical standards for the government.
* Separate the Ministry of Justice from politics.
* Relaxation of the rules governing the ability of federal employees.
*Restore environmental and public health policies that were weakened or cancelled by the previous Donald Trump administration.
* Mandatory use of masks on federal property.
*Re-join the World Health Organization.
* Support 100 mass vaccination centers against Covid-19.
* Apply 100 million doses (in the process of achieving the goal, he increased to 200 million and reached the goal).
*Establish a mobile vaccination clinic.
*Expand access to medical care.
* Design new steps to expand Covid’s testing and treatment methods and protect workers.
* Reopen most primary and secondary schools.
* Take administrative measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
* Reintegration into the Paris Agreement.
* Approve amendments to the Montreal Protocol to curb HFCs, which are compounds that make a significant contribution to climate change.
*Convene a world climate summit.
*Invest in infrastructure that resists climate change.
* Take steps to protect 30% of the land and waters of the United States by 2030.
*Pledge to reduce emissions from maritime transport and aviation.
*Send the immigration bill to Congress.
*Review the deportation standards.
* Take measures to reunite separated immigrant families.
* End the ban on people from Muslim countries entering the United States.
*Stop the expulsion of certain groups.
*Stop building the boundary wall.
* Reverse the “public charges” rule, which restricts the legal immigration of low-income people.
* Increase the training and sense of responsibility for migration agents.
*Protect immigrants serving in the US military from deportation.
* Speed up the naturalization process.
* Revitalize the New American Task Force to support immigration.
* Reform the asylum system in the United States.
* Increase resources for asylum seekers.
* End the long-term detention of immigrants.
* Review the temporary protection status of vulnerable immigrants.
* Hold meetings with regional leaders to resolve immigration issues.
*Freeze deportation for 100 days.
* Suspension of evictions and foreclosures.
* Review federal policies that affect the homeless.
* Take measures to make housing rights.
* Plans to increase the number of union members and reduce economic inequality.
* Appoint a committee to study sexual assault in the military.
* Reverse Trump’s research policy on university violence against women.
*Address systemic racism in American institutions.
*Restore opportunities for transgender students to use school facilities based on their gender identity.
* Direct resources to prevent violence against trans women.
*Start criminal justice reform.
* Appointment of a special envoy for LGBTQ+ human rights issues.
*Ensure that the government reflects the diversity of the country through its members.
* Sign the equality law to promote LGBTQ rights. His fate in the Senate is uncertain.
* Review plans to serve communities vulnerable to violence.
* Create a police surveillance committee.
Weapon control -0/4 (0%)
*Send a gun control bill to Congress.
*Reauthorization of the Violence Against Women Act.
*Reports on restructuring agencies to more effectively enforce gun laws.
*Report to adjust the background check method of gun purchase.
National Security-0/1 (0%)
* Rejoin the nuclear agreement with Iran.