According to the Immigration Policy Institute, the most vulnerable immigrants are usually not eligible for public financial assistance, they are homeless and live on the streets
Sotero Cirilo sleeps in a small blue tent Queens Bridge, new York.
The Mexican immigrant used to work at two restaurants in Manhattan every week, earning $800, but at the end of the year, COVID-19 pandemic And it’s all closed. A few months later, he could no longer pay the rent of the room where he slept in the Bronx, and shortly thereafter, he could not afford a room in Queens.
Cirilo mainly speaks Tlapaneco (an aboriginal language) language. Immigration Living in the U.S. where the pandemic has left without permission Homeless, Guaranteed by human rights defenders and aid groups. These immigrants work in industries that have been hit hard in recent months, such as food or construction, leaving thousands of workers without income.
This unemployment in. .between Hispanic immigrants, Regardless of their immigration status, the number of immigrants in the United States has doubled. 4.8% in January 2020 and 8.8% in February According to the Institute of Immigration Policy. Activists and social workers in states such as New York or California say that the most vulnerable immigrants, who usually do not qualify for public financial assistance, are sometimes homeless.
In Los Angeles, the aid organization “Human Immigrant Rights Alliance” has seen in the past six months that many Assist immigration, The organization spokesman Jorge-Mario Cabrera (Jorge-Mario Cabrera) said.
Cabrera said that many call immigrants are essential workers, and their salary It has been “greatly reduced”.
In New York, Cirilo’s tent is next to a tent bought by Benítez for the homeless immigrants who organized the refugee camp in September. Under the colorful walls full of graffiti, immigrants sit on plastic boxes and chat. On the ground, beside the tent, there are blankets, backpacks and dozens of recyclable cans and bottles. Three puppies stopped at the feet of the immigrants.
Alfredo Martínez’s tent is green.This Mexican immigration The 38-year-old worked in the construction industry, but his time was cut when the pandemic began. The lack of a stable income intensified the tension with her roommates, and she ended up living on the street, where she lived for four months.
Martínez is now a sporadic construction worker. He hopes to save enough money to rent a room and pay for a 40-hour construction safety course to make the state new York It requires those who work in the field.
According to the latest report from New York City, 476,000 immigrants Unauthorized living in the country where they live in a metropolis. The Office of Immigration Affairs estimated in its research that 60% of workers Live illegally in the country Lost job Or there is a risk of losing it, compared to 36% of other workers.
At the rate of Immigrant poverty The report pointed out that in cities, the proportion of unauthorized immigrants is 29.2%, higher than 27% of immigrants holding green cards or other status. The poverty rate for Americans born in New York is 20%.
Immigrants living in the country illegally cannot receive government incentives or unemployment assistance even if they pay taxes. However, some cities and states have approved aid plans for them.
California Cash was provided to unauthorized immigrants and members of Congress last year new York A $2.1 billion fund was recently created to help workers who lost their jobs or income during the pandemic and were barred from participating in other government aid programs because of their immigration status. This program is the largest of its kind in the United States.
on Arizona, The organization that helps immigrants say that women cleaning hotel rooms are suffering financial difficulties, and the situation of children at home is even worse due to the suspension of schools due to the pandemic.
A spokesperson for the US Department of Housing and Human Development said that there is no data on the impact of the pandemic on the number of homeless people. According to an agency report, the number of homeless people increased by 2% between 2019 and 2020, marking the fourth consecutive year of annual growth. Almost a quarter of the homeless in the country are Hispanic.