According to the NGO “Defenders of Tomorrow”, Latin America is the region most affected by these violations of the rights of indigenous peoples and environmental defenders, with three quarters of aggression cases registered
Madrid. (EUROPA Press)-The second consecutive year of Global Witness’s latest report shows that Colombia is the most dangerous country to be an environmental defender. In 2020, 65 of 227 people died.
The report by the non-governmental organization “Defense Tomorrow” shows that Latin America is the most affected region by violations of rights of indigenous peoples as well as environmental defenders. Three quarters of the violations are recorded in Colombia, Guatemala, Brazil, or Mexico. .
“This’big house’ is slowly dying out due to all the destruction and deforestation caused to it. Flora, fauna, water sources and ancestral sites have all been destroyed,” said Angelica O, a representative of the Colombian Women’s Forces. Angelica Ortiz was also condemned at the presentation.
The study found that many people were targeted while protecting ecosystems. However, 71% of those who were affected were doing so to protect large areas. Some were also doing this because they were concerned about the protection of rivers, oceans, and coastal areas.
These ecosystems are facing tremendous pressure. Laura Frones, the report author, stated that the first step is to set up agricultural and livestock land. There is intense competition for these land. She said that protecting the environment depends on “everything”. Governments, as well as individuals, must “legislate to save the area that will be protected from the climate crisis.”
The study shows that indigenous and aboriginal communities, which account for only 5% of the world’s population, are the most vulnerable to this type of violence, and they are also the most effective groups to defend these spaces.
More than one-third (33%) of those rights defenders who were murdered in 2020 belonged to ethnic minorities. These countries include the Philippines, Saudi Arabia and Indonesia. They are the first to be included on the list.
It also states that women are the most vulnerable group, even though they only account for one in ten murders by 2020. However, they will be subject to other forms of sexual violence which have never been documented in history.
This report also condemned the fact that indigenous communities were not protected from the health crisis resulting from the coronavirus pandemic. These people had to face the attacks on a daily basis, and they were also left without authorities.
These groups suffered increased vulnerability due to the blockade, which saw them attacked and killed in their own homes.
Colombia was ranked the most dangerous for environmental protection in the country twice in a row. 65 people were murdered in 2020, mostly in Cauca and Choco. This was mainly due to their work protecting land, replacing illegal crops or fighting illegal mining. roadworks.
The report condemned the inability of the state to control paramilitary groups as well as criminal organizations that have attempted to consolidate their control over the territory by using violence against rural areas.
These groups, which are opposed to drug trafficking routes or income, have turned their attention towards illicit crops, including the plan to replace 2016 peace agreement approved and withdrawn by the government.
“These policies have caused increased threats against criminals and paramilitary groups in rural communities because these groups support or participate in programs that replace illegal crops,” condemned 17 deadly attacks.
In the face of the increase in attacks, many states have approved the so-called Escazú agreement, which “in addition to guaranteeing everyone’s right to a healthy and sustainable environment, but also aims to eliminate inequality and discrimination.” But at least 11 have not been approved. Only the approval letter is valid.